Autism Spectrum Disorder

What is it?

Autism Spectrum Disorder is one of a group of developmental disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders) which include:

  • Classic Autism (Autism Spectrum Disorder)
  • PDD-NOS: Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified
  • Asperger's: "Atypical" Autism, kids with this condition frequently have good language skills, are socially awkward, do not understand social rules, and are of average to above average intellectually.
  • Rett's: (rare) degenerative, very severe affects primarily females.

How its diagnosed

  • Appropriately trained professionals via specific clinical criteria.

Management

May not need all types of therapy through out life:

  • Speech Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy (OT)
  • Physical Therapy or Physiotherapy (PT)
  • Special Education – Some are able to attend a regular or mainstream school and some cases even finish tertiary education.
  • Behaviour Management
  • Specialised Medical Care /Treatments e.g. for seizures, mental health issues

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